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Adaptive Terms

AE Above elbow amputee.
AFO Ankle Foot Orthosis. A device that encases the lower leg and foot in order to stabilize or control the motion. Looks like a huge orthotic with a leg component.
AK Above knee amputee. Sometimes modified with an R or L, to indicate right or left.
BE Below elbow amputee.
Bilateral Referring to R/L matching injuries or amputations.
Bi-ski A sit-ski with two parallel skis for stability. Often the ski appears to be a split snowboard. Usually used with two outriggers.
BK Below knee amputee. Sometimes modified with an R or L, indicating which side the amputation is on.
Chair A wheelchair.
Congenital A condition present at birth.
Cosmesis The covering of a prosthesis that makes it look lifelike.
Disarticulation An amputation through a joint.
Hemiplegic A person with an impairment in motor and/or sensory function of one side of the body.
Incomplete Used in conjunction with paraplegic or quadriplegic indicating the partial loss of limb use. An incomplete paraplegic may, for example, have the ability to stand or ambulate.
Mono-ski An advanced sit-ski with a single ski and advanced mono-shock suspension system. Provides the most maneuverability and speed. Requires good balance and skill. Used with two outriggers.
Outrigger A ski-pole or Canadian crutch modified with a very short ski on the end for lateral stability while using a sit-ski or while three-tracking.
Paraplegic A “para”. A person with an impairment in motor and/or sensory function of the lower extremities. It is usually the result of spinal cord injury or a congenital condition.
Poly-trauma Multiple injuries sustained simultaneously.
Prosthesis A device used to replicate the function of a missing body part. Synonym = prosthetic.
PTSD Post traumatic stress disorder. A psychological disorder affecting individuals who have experienced or witnessed profoundly traumatic events characterized by recurrent flashbacks of the traumatic event, nightmares, irritability, anxiety, fatigue, forgetfulness, and social withdrawal.
Pylon That portion of the prosthesis which connects the socket to the knee or foot.
Quadriplegic A “quad”. A person with an impairment in motor and/or sensory function of all four limbs. It is usually the result of spinal cord injury or a congenital condition.
Sit-ski A ski, or skis, modified with a seat for skiers with lower extremity disabilities. The seat is attached with some sort of shock absorbing suspension system.
Socket That portion of prosthesis that fits the stump and to which prosthetic components are attached.
Suspension The method used to attach a limb prosthesis to the stump.
TBI Traumatic Brain Injury also called acquired brain injury or simply head injury, occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain.
Three-tracking The name for the method that an AK will use to ski. She uses a single traditional ski on her real leg and two outriggers, thus leaving 3 tracks.
Credit: Paradox Sports
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